top of page

太極拳以陰補陽 Taijiquan – Supplements Yang with Yin

已更新:2020年4月14日

不懂太極拳的人都知道太極圖。太極圖是扭在一起的兩條陰陽魚,白魚屬陽眼是黑的、黑魚屬陰眼是白的。古人用圖像表示太極陰中有陽、陽中有陰的道理。陰陽相需、相補、相濟。


Even people who know little about Taijiquan would know the Taiji symbol. The Taiji symbol is made up of two Yin and Yang fishes twisted together. The white fish with a black eye is Yang and the black fish with a white eye is Yin. Our ancestors used this symbol to show that in Taiji there is Yang within Yin and Yin within Yang. Yin and Yang are mutually required, mutually supplementary and mutually supportive.


學拳者要分陰陽,承受身體重量的腿為實腿,實為陰 、虛為陽。這不是固定的,一固定就死了,太極拳是活的。兩條腿不停地交替承受身體的重量,也就是陰陽在不停地轉換。練拳架時向上飄浮者為陽,向下沉降者為陰。手臂外側屬陽,內側屬陰。身體表層為陽內裡為陰。與人推手時接觸點是表層屬陽,太極拳不用陽,不在外表加力,要放鬆接觸點。能量要從內裡透出來,讓對手感覺不到力,也不會覺得痛。


Learners of Taijiquan have to distinguish between Yin and Yang. The leg that bears the body weight is solid. Solid is Yin and void is Yang. Each leg takes turns to bear the body weight. Hence, it is also a non-stopping exchange of Yin and Yang. In practicing the form of Taijiqaun, floating upward is Yang and sinking downward is Yin. The external side of an arm is Yang and its internal side is Yin. The surface of the body is Yang and its inside is Yin. In pushing hands, the contact point is on the surface and is Yang. Taijiquan does not use Yang. It does not exert force on the surface. It requires the contact point to relax. Energy has to diffuse out from inside so that the opponent will neither feel any brute force nor any pain.


太極拳是後浪推前浪,以陰補陽。前面的是陽,後面的是陰。陰是裡,陽是外,將意放在內,再一層層由內鼓蕩出來,永遠是以陰補陽,對方不感覺有力及痛,又會失重心地飄蕩出去。太極拳用意不用力,它是軟綿綿的,就是因為它不用陽,用陰!以陰補陽。


Taijiquan uses the back wave to push the front wave which represents Yin to supplement Yang. The front is Yangand the back is Yin. Yin is inside and Yang outside. Put your mind inside and then let the energy ripple out in layers. It always uses Yin to supplement Yang. The opponent will not feel any brute force or any pain but still he will lose his balance and float outward. Taijiquan uses mind instead of force. It is soft as cotton because it does notuse Yang but Yin. It supplements Yang with Yin.


命門是中心,中心是陰中之陰,相對的講其他都是外。由命門發動,一圈圈向外放大,一節節貫串至手指,意在裡不在外。意在陰,以陰補陽。陽是表演者,陰才是操控人。


Mingmen (life gate) is the center. Center is the Yin of all Yin’s. Relatively speaking, all else is external. Initiated at Mingmen, Qi enlarges ring by ring and segment by segment until it reaches the fingers. Mind is placed inside, not outside. Be mindful at Yin and use Yin to supplement Yang. Yang is the performer and Yin is the controller.


小月

By Xiao Yue

Translated by W.S.Chong and Doris Cheung

145 次查看0 則留言

最新文章

查看全部

寂然不動、感而遂通

太極拳有一樣重要技巧 ——「從人」。這技巧是必須修煉的,否則不能換勁,每到緊要關頭,拙力便會用上。拳譜對此早已說得清楚,「由己則滯,從人則活」。在十三勢行功歌缺中—更提到從人的練功法門「靜中觸動動猶靜」。這句練功法門看似簡單,當仔細研讀下便會發現充滿著矛盾。既然經已在動為甚麼還會靜?拳譜是給懂拳的人看的,否則拳是拳,譜是譜,兩不相干。這也是為甚麼現行太極拳出現教拳不教理的現象原因。「靜中觸動動猶靜

對蕩

在太極拳中的對蕩目的主要是1.在不平衡中求平衡,以確保自己永遠是在最平衡的情況下。2.將對方來力或身體重量變成能量往外發放。3. 建立一個圓槓桿。 與人接手便會接觸到外來的壓力,如不將這壓力抵消,雙重自然會出現,人便不靈活,從人技巧也無法施展。最終因為要抵抗外來的壓力只能用上拙力了。這樣鬥牛便開始了。 如果用力與人接觸,前臂便會先出力。因此我常常對學生們強調練拳與推手時由肘至手指不能用力。一用上力

bottom of page